Soil pipe contribution to steady subsurface stormflow

John L. Nieber, Glenn S. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Flow through a saturated idealized hillslope with a single soil pipe was simulated using a finite difference solution to the equation for three‐dimensional Darcian flow in saturated heterogeneous media. The proportions of hillslope discharge originating from flow through the soil matrix and from flow through a soil pipe were determined, considering such factors as the radius, depth and length of the pipe, pipe spacing, and the length and slope of the hillslope. Results demonstrate that soil pipes can contribute a significant amount, and in many instances, the majority of total subsurface stormflow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-344
Number of pages16
JournalHydrological Processes
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Finite differences
  • Hillslope hydrology
  • Soil pipes
  • Subsurface stormflow


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