Soft tissue surgical procedures for optimizing anterior implant esthetics

Andreas L. Ioannou, Georgios A. Kotsakis, Michelle G. McHale, Donald E. Lareau, James E. Hinrichs, Georgios E. Romanos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Implant dentistry has been established as a predictable treatment with excellent clinical success to replace missing or nonrestorable teeth. A successful esthetic implant reconstruction is predicated on two fundamental components: the reproduction of the natural tooth characteristics on the implant crown and the establishment of soft tissue housing that will simulate a healthy periodontium. In order for an implant to optimally rehabilitate esthetics, the peri-implant soft tissues must be preserved and/or augmented by means of periodontal surgical procedures. Clinicians who practice implant dentistry should strive to achieve an esthetically successful outcome beyond just osseointegration. Knowledge of a variety of available techniques and proper treatment planning enables the clinician to meet the ever-increasing esthetic demands as requested by patients. The purpose of this paper is to enhance the implant surgeon's rationale and techniques beyond that of simply placing a functional restoration in an edentulous site to a level whereby an implant-supported restoration is placed in reconstructed soft tissue, so the site is indiscernible from a natural tooth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number740764
JournalInternational Journal of Dentistry
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Andreas L. Ioannou et al.


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