Sodium nitroprusside enhanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation prevents post-resuscitation left ventricular dysfunction and improves 24-hour survival and neurological function in a porcine model of prolonged untreated ventricular fibrillation

Jason Schultz, Nicolas Segal, James Kolbeck, Emily Caldwell, Marit Thorsgard, Scott McKnite, Tom P. Aufderheide, Keith G. Lurie, Demetris Yannopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim of study: Sodium nitroprusside-enhanced CPR, or SNPeCPR, consists of active compression-decompression CPR with an impedance threshold device, abdominal compression, and intravenous sodium nitroprusside (SNP). We hypothesize that SNPeCPR will improve post resuscitation left ventricular function and neurological function compared to standard (S) CPR after 15 min of untreated ventricular fibrillation in a porcine model of cardiac arrest. Methods: Pigs (n = 22) anesthetized with isoflurane underwent 15 min of untreated ventricular fibrillation, were then randomized to 6 min of S-CPR (n = 11) or SNPeCPR (n = 11) followed by defibrillation. The primary endpoints were neurologic function as measured by cerebral performance category (CPC) score and left ventricular ejection fraction. Results: SNPeCPR increased 24-hour survival rates compared to S-CPR (10/11 versus 5/11, p = 0.03) and improved neurological function (CPC score 2.5 ± 1, versus 3.8 ± 0.4, respectively, p = 0.004). Left ventricular ejection fractions at 1, 4 and 24 hours after defibrillation were 72 ± 11, 57 ± 11.4 and 64 ± 11 with SNPeCPR versus 29 ± 10, 30 ± 17 and 39 ± 6 with S-CPR, respectively (p < 0.01 for all). Conclusions: In this pig model, after 15 min of untreated ventricular fibrillation, SNPeCPR significantly improved 24-hour survival rates, neurologic function and prevented post-resuscitation left ventricular dysfunction compared to S-CPR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S35-S40
JournalResuscitation
Volume82
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Left ventricular function
  • Neurological function
  • Survival
  • Vasodilation

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