The sociology of science, knowledge, and technology and its affiliated field of science and technology studies (STS) comprise a heterogeneous discipline that embodies contradictory approaches to considerations of human rights. The traditional Marist orientations that identify science and technology as the product of capitalism and thus unable to contribute to humane modes of existence. Science as a social institution holds great sway as an arbiter of public life, and science operates as a powerful register of discourse. The term technoscience emerges from studies in the social construction of technology and actor-network theory (ANT) and becomes an important signifier of the organized networks of innovation. The focus on human rights, may challenge the approaches to science, knowledge, and technology that do not problematize the current institutional configuration of science. Current research in technology and human rights has become infatuated with information and communication technology (ICT) and its role as a tool for economic development and the expansion of human rights.