OBJECTIVES: To describe social support patterns of gay and bisexual men with prostate cancer (GBMPCa) and how social support is associated with prostate cancer outcomes. SAMPLE & SETTING: A cross-sectional online survey with 186 GBMPCa recruited from a national cancer support group network. METHODS & VARIABLES: Descriptive statistics of social support and linear regression of social support on general and prostate cancer-specific quality of life (QOL). Social support and health-related QOL were assessed generally and specific to prostate cancer. RESULTS: Participants primarily relied on partners or husbands, gay and bisexual friends, chosen family, and men from support groups for support. The most common types of support received were informational and emotional social support. Low general social support was significantly associated with worse prostate cancer symptom bother and general mental QOL. Wanting more social support was significantly associated with worse prostate cancer-specific and general QOL. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Clinicians should be aware of the different social support networks and needs of GBMPCa and refer them to relevant support groups to improve QOL.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Benjamin D. Capistrant, ScD, is an assistant professor in the School for Social Work at Smith College in Northampton, MA; Lindsey Lesher, MPH, is an epidemiologist in the Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Nidhi Kohli, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Educational Psychology, Enyinnaya N. Merengwa, MD, MPH, MHAc, DrPHc, CPH, is a postdoctoral fellow in the School of Public Health, and Badrinath Konety, MD, MBA, is a professor and chair of the Department of Urology, all at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis; Darryl Mitteldorf, MSW, MPA, is the executive director of Malecare in New York, NY; and William G. West, PhD, is an assistant professor in the College of Liberal Arts and B.R. Simon Rosser, PhD, MPH, LP, is a professor in the School of Public Health, both at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis.Capistrant can be reached at email@example.com, with copy to ONFEditor@ons.org. (Submitted July 2017. Accepted January 16, 2018.) This research was funded by grants from the National Cancer Institute (R21CA182041, R01CA218657, principal investigator [PI]: Rosser) and via an institutional research grant to the University of Minnesota from the American Cancer Society (PI: Capistrant). During the writing of this article, Konety was supported by research grants from Genomic Health, FKD Pharmaceuticals, and Genentech, and has previously consulted for OPKO Health. Mitteldorf has previously participated in advisory or review activities for Astellas Pharmaceuticals.
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- Bisexual men
- Prostate cancer
- Quality of life
- Social support