Social media users are generally exposed to information that is predominantly consistent with their attitudes and beliefs (i.e., filter bubbles), which can increase polarization and decrease understanding of complex and controversial topics. One potential approach to mitigating the negative consequences of filter bubbles is intentional exposure to information that is inconsistent with attitudes. However, it is unclear how exposure to attitude-inconsistent information in social media contexts influences memory for controversial information. To fill this gap, this study examines the effects of presenting participants (n = 96) with Twitter content on a controversial topic (i.e., labor unions) that was either pro-union, anti-union, or neutral. Participants then read a media article including both pro-union and anti-union information. Participants who saw Twitter content that was inconsistent with their prior attitudes regarding labor unions recalled less of the article content compared to those who saw Twitter content that was consistent with their prior attitudes. The findings suggest that Twitter users’ memory for information related to controversial topics may not benefit from exposure to messages outside their filter bubble.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 2021|
|Event||43rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Comparative Cognition: Animal Minds, CogSci 2021 - Virtual, Online, Austria|
Duration: Jul 26 2021 → Jul 29 2021
|Conference||43rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society: Comparative Cognition: Animal Minds, CogSci 2021|
|Period||7/26/21 → 7/29/21|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The research reported here was supported by the Office of Naval Research, through Grant N00014-19-1-2424. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of the Office of Naval Research.
© Cognitive Science Society: Comparative Cognition: Animal Minds, CogSci 2021.All rights reserved.
- filter bubble
- Social media