SN 2015U: A rapidly evolving and luminous Type Ibn supernova

Isaac Shivvers, Wei Kang Zheng, Jon Mauerhan, Io K.W. Kleiser, Schuyler D. Van Dyk, Jeffrey M. Silverman, Melissa L. Graham, Patrick L. Kelly, Alexei V. Filippenko, Sahana Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Supernova (SN) 2015U (also known as PSN J07285387+3349106) was discovered in NGC 2388 on 2015 Feb. 11. A rapidly evolving and luminous event, it showed effectively hydrogenfree spectra dominated by relatively narrow helium P-Cygni spectral features and it was classified as an SN Ibn. In this paper, we present photometric, spectroscopic, and spectropolarimetric observations of SN 2015U, including a Keck/DEIMOS spectrum (resolution ∼5000) which fully resolves the optical emission and absorption features. We find that SN 2015U is best understood via models of shock breakout from extended and dense circumstellar material (CSM), likely created by a history of mass-loss from the progenitor with an extreme outburst within ∼1-2 yr of core collapse (but we do not detect any outburst in our archival imaging of NGC 2388). We argue that the high luminosity of SN 2015U was powered not through 56Ni decay but via the deposition of kinetic energy into the ejecta/CSM shock interface. Though our analysis is hampered by strong host-galaxy dust obscuration (which likely exhibits multiple components), our data set makes SN 2015U one of the best-studied Type Ibn SNe and provides a bridge of understanding to other rapidly fading transients, both luminous and relatively faint.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberstw1528
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume461
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2016

Keywords

  • Stars: mass-loss
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2015U

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