Smoking-associated risks of conventional adenomas and serrated polyps in the colorectum

Jane C. Figueiredo, Seth D. Crockett, Dale C. Snover, Carolyn B. Morris, Gail McKeown-Eyssen, Robert S. Sandler, Dennis J. Ahnen, Douglas J. Robertson, Carol A. Burke, Robert S. Bresalier, James M. Church, Timothy R Church, John A. Baron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Prior studies suggest cigarette smoking is associated with 1.5- to twofold increased risk of colorectal adenomas and possibly a higher risk of serrated polyps. Further clarification of risk differences between adenomas and serrated polyps is needed with regard to co-occurrence and polyp location.

Methods: We conducted a combined analysis of conventional adenoma and serrated polyp occurrence using individual-level data from 2,915 patients participating in three colonoscopy-based clinical trials. All participants had ≥1 adenomas removed at baseline and were followed for up to 4 years. Smoking habits and other lifestyle factors were collected at baseline using questionnaires. We used generalized linear regression to estimate risk ratios and 95 % confidence intervals.

Conclusions: Cigarette smoking has only a weak association with adenomas, but is associated with a significantly increased risk of serrated polyps, particularly in the left colorectum. Since a minority of left-sided serrated polyps is thought to have malignant potential, the role of smoking in initiation phases of carcinogenesis is uncertain.

Results: Smokers were at slightly increased risk of adenomas compared to never smokers [current: RR 1.29 (95 % CI 1.11–1.49) and former: RR 1.18 (1.05–1.32)]. Smoking was associated with greater risk of serrated polyps [current: RR 2.01 (1.66–2.44); former: RR 1.42 (1.20–1.68)], particularly in the left colorectum. Associations between current smoking and occurrence of serrated polyps only [RR 2.33 (1.76–3.07)] and both adenomas and serrated polyps [RR 2.27 (1.68–3.06)] were more pronounced than for adenomas only [RR 1.31 (1.08–1.58)]. Results were similar for other smoking variables and did not differ by gender or for advanced adenomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-386
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Adenomas
  • Colorectal
  • Serrated polyps
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco

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    Figueiredo, J. C., Crockett, S. D., Snover, D. C., Morris, C. B., McKeown-Eyssen, G., Sandler, R. S., Ahnen, D. J., Robertson, D. J., Burke, C. A., Bresalier, R. S., Church, J. M., Church, T. R., & Baron, J. A. (2015). Smoking-associated risks of conventional adenomas and serrated polyps in the colorectum. Cancer Causes and Control, 26(3), 377-386. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-014-0513-0