Smoking and HIV: Prevalence, health risks, and cessation strategies

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91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Health hazards due to smoking may undermine benefits of HIV treatment on morbidity and mortality. Over 40% of persons with HIV are current smokers. Health risks of smoking include increases in some HIV-associated infections, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, bacterial pneumonia and other lung disease, and overall mortality. Proven strategies for smoking cessation include various counseling approaches, nicotine replacement therapy and other pharmacotherapy; approaches may need to be individualized to address specific client needs and comorbidities. HIV clinicians and other service providers can have an influential role in screening their patients for smoking and promoting cessationprograms to improve health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-230
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent HIV/AIDS Reports
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • HIV
  • Nicotine
  • Smoking

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