The current study examined characteristics of smokeless tobacco users in a large population of Air Force recruits. In addition, smokeless tobacco users were compared to nontobacco users, to cigarette smokers, and to users of both smokeless tobacco and cigarettes. Participants were 32,144 individuals who entered Basic Military Training from August 1995 to August 1996. A 53-item questionnaire assessed demographics, tobacco use history, risk taking, and other health-risk factors. Those who both chewed and smoked scored considerably higher on a number of risk factors than did those who limited their tobacco consumption to either cigarettes or chew. Cigarette smokers in turn tended to score consistently higher on self-reported risk factors than did nontobacco users.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Wilford Hall/Universities of Memphis and Minnesota Smoking Cessation Program is a collaborative endeavor between the two above-cited universities and the United States Air Force (USAF), funded by a grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In this investigation, the entire population of Air Force Basic Military Training (BMT) recruits was randomized to either a smoking cessation program or control condition during a 6-week BMT-imposed tobacco ban. Every subject who entered the USAF from August 1995 to August 1996 was a participant in this study. The data presented here are data from the baseline survey.