Small angle neutron scattering study of sodium dodecyl sulfate micellar growth driven by addition of a hydrotropic salt

P. A. Hassan, Gerhard Fritz, Eric W. Kaler

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83 Scopus citations

Abstract

The structures of aggregates formed in aqueous solutions of an anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), with the addition of a cationic hydrotropic salt, p-toluidine hydrochloride (PTHC), have been investigated by small angle neutron scattering (SANS). The SANS spectra exhibit a pronounced peak at low salt concentration, indicating the presence of repulsive intermicellar interactions. Model-independent real space information about the structure is obtained from a generalized indirect Fourier transformation (GIFT) technique in combination with a suitable model for the interparticle structure factor. The interparticle interaction is captured using the rescaled mean spherical approximation (RMSA) closure relation and a Yukawa form of the interaction potential. Further quantification of the geometrical parameters of the micelles was achieved by a complete fit of the SANS data using a prolate ellipsoidal form factor and the RMSA structure factor. The present study shows that PTHC induces a decrease in the fractional charge of the micelles due to adsorption at the micellar surface and consequent growth of the SDS micelles from nearly globular to rodlike as the concentration of PTHC increases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-162
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Volume257
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hydrotropes
  • Micelles
  • Quasielastic light scattering
  • Small angle neutron scattering
  • Sphere-to-rod transition

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