Slow and safe gravitinos

Emilian Dudas, Marcos A.G. Garcia, Yann Mambrini, Keith A. Olive, Marco Peloso, Sarunas Verner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


It has been argued that supergravity models of inflation with vanishing sound speeds, cs, lead to an unbounded growth in the production rate of gravitinos. We consider several models of inflation to delineate the conditions for which cs=0. In models with unconstrained superfields, we argue that the mixing of the Goldstino and inflatino in a time-varying background prevents the uncontrolled production of the longitudinal modes. This conclusion is unchanged if there is a nilpotent field associated with supersymmetry breaking with constraint S2=0, i.e., (s)Goldstino-less models. Models with a second orthogonal constraint, S(φ-φ¯)=0, where φ is the inflaton superfield, which eliminates the inflatino, may suffer from the overproduction of gravitinos. However, we point out that these models may be problematic if this constraint originates from a UV Lagrangian, as this may require using higher derivative operators. These models may also exhibit other pathologies, such as cs>1, which are absent in theories with the single constraint or unconstrained fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123519
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 9 2021

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