Sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults

Findings from Project EAT

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. Design Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). Setting Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area of Minnesota (USA). Subjects A total of 1854 respondents (20-30 years, 55·6 % female) from the 2008-2009 survey conducted for the third wave of the population-based Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) study. Results After adjustment for demographic and behavioural covariates in linear regression models, those who went to bed after 00.30 hours consumed 0·3 more servings of sugar-sweetened beverages per day, consumed 1·7 times more energy drinks, skipped breakfast 1·8 more times per week and consumed fast food 0·3 more times per week compared with those who went to bed before 22.30 hours. Reported sleep quality in the lowest (Q1) v. highest (Q3) tertile was associated with more intake of energy drinks (Q3 v. Q1, prevalence ratio, 95 % CI: 1·79, 1·24, 2·34), sports drinks (1·28, 1·00, 1·55) and breakfast skipping (adjusted mean, 95 % CI: Q1: 4·03, 3·81, 4·26; Q3: 3·43, 3·17, 3·69). Time in bed and sleep variability were associated with few eating behaviours. Conclusions Some, but not all, sleep indices were related to problematic eating behaviours. Sleep habits may be important to address in interventions and policies that target improvements in eating patterns and health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-701
Number of pages13
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Feeding Behavior
Young Adult
Sleep
Energy Drinks
Breakfast
Fast Foods
Eating
Beverages
Sports
Linear Models
Cross-Sectional Studies
Restaurants
Habits
Demography
Health
Population

Keywords

  • Breakfast
  • Caffeine
  • Energy drinks
  • Sleep duration
  • Sugar-sweetened beverages

Cite this

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title = "Sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults: Findings from Project EAT",
abstract = "Objective To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. Design Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). Setting Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area of Minnesota (USA). Subjects A total of 1854 respondents (20-30 years, 55·6 {\%} female) from the 2008-2009 survey conducted for the third wave of the population-based Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) study. Results After adjustment for demographic and behavioural covariates in linear regression models, those who went to bed after 00.30 hours consumed 0·3 more servings of sugar-sweetened beverages per day, consumed 1·7 times more energy drinks, skipped breakfast 1·8 more times per week and consumed fast food 0·3 more times per week compared with those who went to bed before 22.30 hours. Reported sleep quality in the lowest (Q1) v. highest (Q3) tertile was associated with more intake of energy drinks (Q3 v. Q1, prevalence ratio, 95 {\%} CI: 1·79, 1·24, 2·34), sports drinks (1·28, 1·00, 1·55) and breakfast skipping (adjusted mean, 95 {\%} CI: Q1: 4·03, 3·81, 4·26; Q3: 3·43, 3·17, 3·69). Time in bed and sleep variability were associated with few eating behaviours. Conclusions Some, but not all, sleep indices were related to problematic eating behaviours. Sleep habits may be important to address in interventions and policies that target improvements in eating patterns and health outcomes.",
keywords = "Breakfast, Caffeine, Energy drinks, Sleep duration, Sugar-sweetened beverages",
author = "Ogilvie, {Rachel P.} and Lutsey, {Pamela L} and Widome, {Rachel L} and Laska, {Melissa N} and Larson, {Nicole I} and Neumark-Sztainer, {Dianne R}",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980017003536",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "689--701",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults

T2 - Findings from Project EAT

AU - Ogilvie, Rachel P.

AU - Lutsey, Pamela L

AU - Widome, Rachel L

AU - Laska, Melissa N

AU - Larson, Nicole I

AU - Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne R

PY - 2018/3/1

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N2 - Objective To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. Design Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). Setting Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area of Minnesota (USA). Subjects A total of 1854 respondents (20-30 years, 55·6 % female) from the 2008-2009 survey conducted for the third wave of the population-based Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) study. Results After adjustment for demographic and behavioural covariates in linear regression models, those who went to bed after 00.30 hours consumed 0·3 more servings of sugar-sweetened beverages per day, consumed 1·7 times more energy drinks, skipped breakfast 1·8 more times per week and consumed fast food 0·3 more times per week compared with those who went to bed before 22.30 hours. Reported sleep quality in the lowest (Q1) v. highest (Q3) tertile was associated with more intake of energy drinks (Q3 v. Q1, prevalence ratio, 95 % CI: 1·79, 1·24, 2·34), sports drinks (1·28, 1·00, 1·55) and breakfast skipping (adjusted mean, 95 % CI: Q1: 4·03, 3·81, 4·26; Q3: 3·43, 3·17, 3·69). Time in bed and sleep variability were associated with few eating behaviours. Conclusions Some, but not all, sleep indices were related to problematic eating behaviours. Sleep habits may be important to address in interventions and policies that target improvements in eating patterns and health outcomes.

AB - Objective To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. Design Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). Setting Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area of Minnesota (USA). Subjects A total of 1854 respondents (20-30 years, 55·6 % female) from the 2008-2009 survey conducted for the third wave of the population-based Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) study. Results After adjustment for demographic and behavioural covariates in linear regression models, those who went to bed after 00.30 hours consumed 0·3 more servings of sugar-sweetened beverages per day, consumed 1·7 times more energy drinks, skipped breakfast 1·8 more times per week and consumed fast food 0·3 more times per week compared with those who went to bed before 22.30 hours. Reported sleep quality in the lowest (Q1) v. highest (Q3) tertile was associated with more intake of energy drinks (Q3 v. Q1, prevalence ratio, 95 % CI: 1·79, 1·24, 2·34), sports drinks (1·28, 1·00, 1·55) and breakfast skipping (adjusted mean, 95 % CI: Q1: 4·03, 3·81, 4·26; Q3: 3·43, 3·17, 3·69). Time in bed and sleep variability were associated with few eating behaviours. Conclusions Some, but not all, sleep indices were related to problematic eating behaviours. Sleep habits may be important to address in interventions and policies that target improvements in eating patterns and health outcomes.

KW - Breakfast

KW - Caffeine

KW - Energy drinks

KW - Sleep duration

KW - Sugar-sweetened beverages

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