Impaired vasomotor reactivity of the cerebral vessels on morning awakening has been suggested as one of the mechanisms underlying the predisposition to stroke in the morning. This study investigated cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia on morning awakening and its association with specific sleep-related parameters, including sleep- disordered breathing. Thirty patients undergoing nocturnal diagnostic polysomnography for sleep apnea underwent transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of the middle cerebral artery immediately before going to bed and immediately on morning awakening. Results indicated a morning reduction in cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) relative to values from the preceding evening both while breathing room air and 5% CO2. Hypercapnia was associated with the expected increase in CBFV in both evening and morning. The evening- to-morning difference in CBFV during CO2 inhalation was independently associated with both overnight CO2 retention and number of movements with arousal per hour of sleep. Results indicated that more fragmented sleep and greater CO2 retention during sleep predicted a diminished hypercapnic vasomotor response in the morning. Sleep fragmentation predicted approximately twice the variance in morning hypercapnic vasomotor reactivity relative to overnight CO2 retention (24 versus 13%). No other polysomnographic measures predicted evening-to-morning differences in vasomotor reactivity. These results are consistent with a body of literature suggesting that sleep loss and sleep fragmentation are associated with blunted hypercapnic ventilatory response.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|State||Published - 1999|