Sleep disturbances and risk of hospitalization and inpatient days among older women

Misti L. Paudel, Brent C. Taylor, Tien N. Vo, Allyson M. Kats, John T. Schousboe, Li Yung Lui, Charles E. McCulloch, Lisa Langsetmo, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Susan Redline, Kristine Yaffe, Katie L. Stone, Teresa A. Hillier, Kristine E. Ensrud

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objectives: Determine the associations of sleep disturbances with hospitalization risk among older women. Methods: One thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven women (mean age 83.6 years) participating in Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Year 16 (Y16) examination (2002-2004) linked with Medicare and/or HMO claims. At Y16 examination, sleep/wake parameters were measured by actigraphy (total sleep time [TST], sleep efficiency [SE], sleep latency [SL], and wake after sleep onset [WASO]) and subjective sleep measures (sleep quality [Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index] and daytime sleepiness [Epworth Sleepiness Scale]) were assessed by questionnaire. Measures except TST were dichotomized based on clinical thresholds. Incident hospitalizations were determined from claims data. Results: Nine hundred and seventy-six women (53%) had ≥1 hospitalization in the 3 years after the Year 16 examination. Reduced SE (odds ratio [OR] = 2.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.69-3.39), prolonged SL (OR = 1.41, 95% CI 1.11-1.78), greater WASO (OR = 1.57, 95% CI 1.28-1.93), shorter TST (OR = 1.98, 95% CI 1.42-2.77) and poorer sleep quality (OR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.07-1.65) were each associated with a higher age and site-adjusted odds of hospitalization; associations were attenuated after multivariable adjustment for traditional prognostic factors with the OR for reduced SE (OR = 1.60, 95% CI 1.08-2.38) and shorter TST (OR = 1.63, 95% CI 1.12-2.37) remaining significant. Among women who were hospitalized, greater WASO (rate ratio [RR] = 1.20, 95% CI 1.04-1.37) and poorer sleep quality (RR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.02-1.35) were each associated with a greater age and site-adjusted RR of inpatient days, but associations did not persist after multivariate adjustment. Conclusions: Older women with sleep disturbances have an increased risk of hospitalization partially attributable to demographics, poorer health status, and comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSleep
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Hospitalization
  • Medicare
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Sleep quality

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    Paudel, M. L., Taylor, B. C., Vo, T. N., Kats, A. M., Schousboe, J. T., Lui, L. Y., McCulloch, C. E., Langsetmo, L., Ancoli-Israel, S., Redline, S., Yaffe, K., Stone, K. L., Hillier, T. A., & Ensrud, K. E. (2017). Sleep disturbances and risk of hospitalization and inpatient days among older women. Sleep, 40(4). https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsx037