Size-Dependent Mixing Characteristics of Volatile and Nonvolatile Components in Diesel Exhaust Aerosols

Hiromu Sakurai, Kihong Park, Peter H McMurry, Darrick D Zarling, David B Kittelson, Paul J. Ziemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mixing characteristics of particles of different volatilities from a diesel engine were studied with two tandem differential mobility analyzers (TDMAs) and an aerosol particle mass analyzer (APM). In both TDMA systems, a heater was located in the aerosol path between the first and second DMAs. Diesel exhaust particles that were size-selected in the first DMA were passed through the heater, and the change in particle size due to loss of volatile components was determined by the second DMA. On the basis of the volatility measurements, the particles could be separated into two overlapping modes that varied in peak diameter and magnitude depending on the engine operating conditions. Particles in the smaller size mode were almost completely volatile, while those in the larger size mode contained a nonvolatile core. The TDMA data inversion technique used here allowed accurate determination of the mixing ratios of the two types of particles. These data were in turn used to validate a simple fitting method that uses two log-normal curves to obtain the mixing ratios. In some experiments, the APM was used downstream of a TDMA to directly measure the particle mass loss due to evaporation. The loss determined by the TDMA-APM system was significantly greater than that calculated from mobility size changes measured solely with the TDMA. The TDMA-APM results were used to calculate the size-dependent mass concentrations of volatile and nonvolatile components for particles in the size range from 70 to 200 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5487-5495
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume37
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2003

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