Situational factors in cigarette smoking

Dorothy K Hatsukami, Steven F. Morgan, Roy W. Pickens, Stephen E. Champagne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Situational factors related to smoking behavior in the natural environment were studied. Six subjects smoked all cigarettes over 10 days with a portable, electronic recording device which measured a number of frequency and time-based features of smoking. Subjects also coded activities and internal states associated with each cigarette smoked. Across subjects, there were considerable differences in the distribution of cigarettes smoked across the activity and internal states categories. Within subjects, all subjects showed variation in measures of smoking topography (number of puffs/cigarette, mean puff duration, total puff time/cigarette) as a function of situational variables. It did not appear that pharmacological factors could fully account for the substantial situational differences found. The results suggest that different factors may be involved in the control of different aspects of smoking topography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by N.I.D.A. Research Grants No. DA 02988 and No. 02413 and N.I.D.A. Training Grant No. DA 07097. Requests for reprints should be sent to Dr. Dorothy Hatsukami, University of Minnesota. Department of Psychiatry, Box 392 Mayo, Minneapolis, MN 55455.


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