Site-Based Services for Residents of Single-Room Occupancy Hotels

Melanie Shepard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This article describes an evaluation of an innovative site-based service program for residents of single-room occupancy hotels. The Growth and Achievement Program (GAP), a federal demonstration project, was designed to promote greater self-sufficiency among residents by providing social services and employment counseling to residents in their own environment. It was hypothesized that the program would increase educational attainment, job readiness, the ability to obtain and sustain employment, and monthly income for program clients compared with residents in nonparticipating housing units. The sample included 53 clients and 52 respondents in a matched comparison group at the six-month follow-up and 36 clients and 34 matches at the 12-month follow-up. Coal attainment scales and income data were used to measure program outcomes. GAP clients had significantly higher gain scores than did the comparison group and were much less likely to rely on public financial assistance as their primary source of income.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-592
Number of pages8
JournalSocial work
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1997

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Growth and Achievement Program (GAP) was initially funded as a demonstration program by the Demonstration Partnership Program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Demonstration Partnership Program stimulates community action agencies to develop and evaluate, in partnership with other local organizations, new approaches to provide for greater self-sufficiency of the poor people (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1994). GAP was one of 12 new projects funded in 1990 and the only project that focused on the SRO population. Located in Duluth, Minnesota, the project partners at the time of the study were the Duluth Community Action Program, St. Louis County Social Services Department, and the City of Duluth Jobs and Training Program.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Evaluation
  • Poverty
  • Self-sufficiency
  • Single-room occupancy hotels
  • Site-based social services


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