Sirolimus As Primary Immunosuppressant Reduces Left Ventricular Mass and Improves Diastolic Function of the Cardiac Allograft

Eugenia Raichlin, Krishnaswamy Chandrasekaran, Walter K. Kremers, Robert P. Frantz, Alfredo L. Clavell, Naveen L. Pereira, Richard J. Rodeheffer, Richard C. Daly, Christopher G.A. McGregor, Brooks S. Edwards, Sudhir S. Kushwaha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND.: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction occur after cardiac transplantation. We investigated sirolimus (SRL) as primary immunosuppression for the attenuation of LVH and diastolic dysfunction of the cardiac allograft. METHODS.: Seventy cardiac transplant recipients were converted to SRL, 5.79±3.90 years after transplant, with complete calcineurin-inhibitor (CNI) withdrawal. Three consecutive echocardiographic studies, 1 year apart, were analyzed for changes in left ventricular (LV) mass and diastolic function during CNI and SRL treatment. RESULTS.: Changes in systolic (P=0.69) and diastolic blood pressures (BP) (P=0.32) did not differ between SRL and CNI treatment. LV mass and LV mass index increased (185.03±41.59-197.21±47.39 g, P=0.033 and 94.20±18.64-98. 93±20.08 g/m; P=0.030) during CNI and decreased (197.21±47.39-187. 59±48.88 g, P=0.025 and 98.93±20.08-94.06±20.31 g/m P=0.050) during SRL. The difference in ΔLV mass and ΔLV mass index was significant (P=0.011 and P=0.017, respectively) and was not associated with changes in BP. Left atrium volume index increased during CNI (46.73±16.3 5-54.20±18.47 cm/m, P=0.006) and decreased during SRL (54.20±18.47-49.75±18.40 cm/m, P=0.0036). The difference in left atrium (ΔLA) volume index was significant (P=0.002) and was not associated with changes in BP. CONCLUSIONS.: Withdrawal of CNI and replacement with SRL in cardiac transplant recipients results in a decrease in LV mass and improvement in diastolic function. SRL may be useful to attenuate LVH and improve cardiac allograft diastolic function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1395-1400
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume86
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac allograft
  • Diastolic dysfunction
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Transplantation

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