Sintering of olivine and olivine-basalt aggregates

R. F. Cooper, D. L. Kohlstedt

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Abstract

The sintering behavior of olivine and olivine-basalt aggregates has been examined at temperatures near 1,300° C. Experimental factors contributing to rapid sintering kinetics and high-density, fine-grained specimens include: (i) the uniform dispersion of basalt throughout the specimen, (ii) a very fine, uniform particle size for the olivine powder, (iii) oxygen fugacities near the high PO2 end of the olivine stability field, and (iv) rapid heating to the sintering temperature. Olivine-basalt specimens prepared from olivine particles coated with a synthetic basalt achieve chemical and microstructural equilibrium more rapidly, as well as produce higher density and finer grain-sized aggregates, than do specimens prepared by mechanical mixing of olivine and natural basalt powders. The grain boundary mobility for olivine, measured for olivine-basalt aggregates which have undergone secondary recrystallization, is on the order of 2×10-15 (m/s)/(N/m2) in the temperature range 1,300-1,400° C. Solution-precipitation (pressure-solution) processes make an important contribution to the development of the microstructure in olivine-basalt aggregates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-16
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1984

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