Single adult human CD34+/Lin-/CD38- progenitors give rise to natural killer cells, B-lineage cells, dendritic cells, and myeloid cells

Jeffrey S. Miller, Valarie McCullar, Michael Punzel, Ihor R. Lemischka, Kateri A. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

150 Scopus citations


Marrow stromal cultures support adult CD34+/Lin-/HLA-DR- or CD34+/Lin-/CD38- cell differentiation into natural killer (NK) or myeloid cells, but unlike committed lymphoid progenitors (CD34+/Lin- /CD45RA+/CD10+), no B cells are generated. We tested whether different microenvironments could establish a developmental link between the NK and B- cell lineages. Progenitors were cultured in limiting dilutions with interleukin-7 (IL-7), flt3 ligand (FL), c-kit ligand (KL), IL-3, IL-2, and AFT024, a murine fetal liver line, which supports culture of transplantable murine stem cells. NK cells, CD10+/CD19+ B-lineage cells and dendritic cells (DC) developed from the same starting population and IL-7, FL, and KL were required in this process. Single cell deposition of 3,872 CD34+/Lin- /CD38- cells onto AFT024 with IL-7, FL, KL, IL-2, and IL-3 showed that a one time addition of IL-3 at culture initiation was essential for multilineage differentiation from single cells. Single and double lineage progeny were frequently detected, but more importantly, 2% of single cells could give rise to at least three lineages (NK cells, B-lineage cells, and DC or myeloid cells) providing direct evidence that NK and B-lineage differentiation derive from a common lymphomyeloid hematopoietic progenitor under the same conditions. This study provides new insights into the role of the microenvironment niche, which governs the earliest events in lymphoid development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-106
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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