We present observations of transient events on April 13, 1996, using simultaneous measurements in the solar wind, near the magnetopause, at geosynchronous orbit, and on the ground at high latitudes. On this day, Geotail passed outbound through the morningside magnetopause. When Geotail was in the magnetosphere, a clear bipolar perturbation in the magnetic field component normal to the nominal magnetopause and transient outbound (from the magnetosphere to the magnetosheath)/inbound (from the magnetosheath to the magnetosphere) magnetopause crossings were observed. When Geotail was in the magnetosheath, inbound/outbound crossings were observed.During the bipolar magnetic field signature, Geotail observed asymmetric bipolar (less inward/more outward) flow normal to the nominal magnetopause accompanied by sunward flow. Inward flow was observed when the total magnetic field of the event was enhanced, whereas outward flow was observed when the total magnetic field was depressed. We observed that some of the transient outbound/inbound crossings show significantly different signatures in the plasma flow and magnetic field, that is, weak inward flow and enhanced magnetic field before the outbound crossing and strong outward flow and decreased magnetic field after the inbound crossing. The field and flow variations during the transient outbound/inbound crossings are qualitatively similar to those during the bipolar magnetic field signature. These observations suggest that the bipolar field signature and the transient magnetopause crossings would be similar phenomena on the magnetopause. We discuss whether the observed field and flow variations during the transient events are caused by inward/outward magnetopause motion due to compression/expansion of the magnetosphere by comparing the data sets obtained from different regions of the solar wind-magnetosphere system.
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