Coatings are designed for and applied on a surface for both aesthetics and protection of the substrate. Many properties are measured to indicate performance, and eventual failure, of a coating under these two broad categories. Monte Carlo simulations have shown success in predicting trends in macroscopic properties during exposure. The Central Limit Theorem (CLT) is applicable because damage made to a coating can come from the accumulation of a vast number of very small damage events. Application of the CLT to property equations has generated additional equations for the prediction of properties of a coating with exposure, including measurable properties such as gloss, color, fracture toughness, and contact angle. These equations, when fitted to measured data, provide insight into the mechanisms of degradation processes, since the fitting parameters are physically based. They also offer a means to scale accelerated testing measurements to early field measurements of the property of interest for predicting lifetime in varied environments.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Air Force Office of Scientific Research funded this work. M. Nichols (Ford Motor Company) has kindly allowed us to use fracture data from one of their studies.
- Molecular modeling
- Service life prediction