Simulation of tumor necrosis in primary melanoma

Adrian Klusek, Witold Dzwinel, Arkadiusz Z. Dudek

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Melanoma ulceration is an adverse prognostic finding. The tumor thickness and overgrowth of the tumor necrotic center are the principal factors of ulcer development. We present here the results of computer simulation of necrotic core formation by employing supermodeling approach, which consists in coupling of a few melanoma models differing in values of an important parameter responsible for tumor dynamics. We show that due to remodeling of skin vascularization by growing cancer, and insufficient necrotic material removal, we can observe development of spike-like structures of massive necrotic center growing mainly in a vertical direction. It starts from the skin surface and proliferates to its deeper layers. We show that cone shaped melanoma, resembling nodal melanoma (NM), produces larger necrotic center than flatter tumors types. This agrees well with clinical observations what is an important argument in favor of supermodeling concept.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalSimulation Series
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2016
Event48th Summer Computer Simulation Conference, SCSC 2016, Part of the 2016 Summer Simulation Multi-Conference, SummerSim 2016 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 24 2016Jul 27 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Society for Modeling & Simulation International (SCS).


  • Continuum model
  • Melanoma
  • Necrotic center
  • Supermodeling
  • Tumor growth
  • Ulceration


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