Simulation of stochastic micropopulation models-I. The SUMMERS simulation shell

Eugene Ackerman, Zhangqing Zhuo, Michael Altmann, Danny Kilis, Jih Jing Yang, Susan Seaholm, Laël Gatewood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


A generic, abstract model and the simulation shell based on it, both called SUMMERS, are used as a framework for the implementation of stochastic micropopulation models; in these, each individual is followed separately while moving through a sequence of states. The shell supports groups of interacting members, individual characteristics and multiple simultaneous activities. Stochastic decisions may be made using Monte Carlo rules. Keywords control the simulations and the reports generated. A sensitivity analysis utility allows assessment of the dependency of outcomes on model features. Extensive use has been made of software engineering techniques. Specializations of SUMMERS are described in subsequent papers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-198
Number of pages22
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1993


  • Micropopulation model
  • Monte Carlo techniques
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Simulation shell
  • Software engineering
  • Stochastic simulation


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