Simulating schlieren and shadowgraph images from LES data

Elizabeth Luthman, Niccolo Cymbalist, Daniel Lang, Graham Candler, Paul Dimotakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Abstract : Geometrical optics ray-tracing is used to derive schlieren and shadowgraph images from large-eddy simulation (LES) data of a jet in supersonic crossflow and to compare with experimental data. Including the components of the optical system that forms the image in the simulation is found to be important. The technique produces images that replicate flow physics more faithfully than straight-line path integration and other techniques, and more efficiently than physical-optics techniques. Applications of these simulated images are demonstrated in supersonic flows. Time-correlated pairs of shadowgraph images taken from the LES using this technique are used in conjunction with an image-correlation velocimetry technique to compare the estimated convection velocity field in the LES to that of experiments of the same flow. Agreement between the two is good with a maximum variance of 5% by some metrics. This technique can aid in the validation of LES results, allowing quantitative comparison between experiment and simulation, and to extract information unattainable by experiment alone. Comparisons of simulated and experimental jet penetration into the supersonic freestream are also made. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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