Simulating blood flow in healthy swine coronary arteries after bifurcation stenting procedures

Thomas Valenzuela, Michael Bateman, Tinen Iles, Paul A. Iaizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Coronary artery disease is a major cause of mortality worldwide. Plaque buildup within an individual’s coronary arteries can lead reduced flows, local ischemia, angina, and even result in a myocardial infarction (heart attack). In the past two decades, coronary stents have become one of the ‘gold standards’ for treating such plaque buildups. Stents are designed to push the plaque up against the vessel walls, so to expand the vessels to its original dimensions; ie., keeping the lumen patent allowing for laminar blood flow. Using the Visible Heart® Laboratories (1) capabilities, we have implanted coronary stents using various clinical protocols in porcine hearts. These hearts were subsequently scanned with a micro-CT, so they could be modeled and rendered in various 3D programs as well as fluid simulations. The ability to render fluid simulations through coronaries which had stenting procedures performed within, may allow clinicians to prescribe which bifurcation technique may be best suited for a given patient’s specific anatomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFrontiers in Biomedical Devices, BIOMED - 2019 Design of Medical Devices Conference, DMD 2019
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791841037
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event2019 Design of Medical Devices Conference, DMD 2019 - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: Apr 15 2019Apr 18 2019

Publication series

NameFrontiers in Biomedical Devices, BIOMED - 2019 Design of Medical Devices Conference, DMD 2019

Conference

Conference2019 Design of Medical Devices Conference, DMD 2019
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis
Period4/15/194/18/19

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Drug eluting stents
  • Fluid flow
  • Plaque

Cite this

Valenzuela, T., Bateman, M., Iles, T., & Iaizzo, P. A. (2019). Simulating blood flow in healthy swine coronary arteries after bifurcation stenting procedures. In Frontiers in Biomedical Devices, BIOMED - 2019 Design of Medical Devices Conference, DMD 2019 (Frontiers in Biomedical Devices, BIOMED - 2019 Design of Medical Devices Conference, DMD 2019). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/DMD2019-3292