Simple Monolayer Differentiation of Murine Cardiomyocytes via Nutrient Deprivation-Mediated Activation of β-Catenin

Pablo Hofbauer, Jangwook P. Jung, Tanner J. McArdle, Brenda M Ogle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methods to generate murine cardiomyocytes from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) in vitro are resource and time intensive. All current protocols require exogenously provided soluble factors and almost all utilize embryoid body formation to modulate pathways associated with mesoderm specification and cardiomyocyte differentiation. Here, we developed a simple protocol without EBs and without exogenous soluble factors that enabled cardiomyocyte differentiation of a murine induced PSC line based on controlled nutrient deprivation in 2D monolayer cultures. We showed that this protocol reproducibly imposed metabolic stress and consequently modulated active β-catenin levels to yield functional cardiomyocytes. The yield of cardiomyocytes and calcium handling kinetics were comparable to existing approaches. However, this approach did not produce consistent results between murine PSC lines suggesting signaling pathways linking nutrient deprivation to β-catenin activation are not universally conserved and may be a remnant of the parent population from which the induced PSCs were derived.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-743
Number of pages13
JournalStem Cell Reviews and Reports
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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Catenins
Cardiac Myocytes
Food
Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Pluripotent Stem Cells
Embryoid Bodies
Cell Line
Physiological Stress
Mesoderm
Calcium
Population

Keywords

  • Metabolism
  • Murine PSCs
  • Nutrient deprivation
  • Simple cardiomyocyte differentiation
  • Wnt-signaling

Cite this

Simple Monolayer Differentiation of Murine Cardiomyocytes via Nutrient Deprivation-Mediated Activation of β-Catenin. / Hofbauer, Pablo; Jung, Jangwook P.; McArdle, Tanner J.; Ogle, Brenda M.

In: Stem Cell Reviews and Reports, Vol. 12, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. 731-743.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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