We review the development of silicon-based calorimeters from the very first applications of small calorimeters used in collider experiments to the large-scale systems that are being designed today. We discuss silicon-based electromagnetic calorimeters for future e - e + colliders and for the upgrade of the CMS experiment's endcap calorimeter to be used in the high-luminosity phase of the LHC. We present the intrinsic advantages of silicon as an active detector material and highlight the enabling technologies that have made calorimeters with very high channel densities feasible. We end by discussing the outlook for further extensions to the silicon calorimeter concept, such as calorimeters with fine-pitched pixel detectors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science|
|State||Published - Oct 19 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank their CALICE, CMS, and ILD collaborators, and SiD friends, for many useful discussions and insights. R.R. is grateful to the US Department of Energy for its continued support under grant number DE-SC0011845. F.S. acknowledges support from the H2020 project AIDA-2020 and grant 654168.
© 2018 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
- detectors for high-energy physics
- silicon calorimeters