The HML and HMR mating loci of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are bound in silent chromatin, which is assembled at the flanking E and I transcriptional silencers. The retrotransposon Ty5 preferentially integrates into regions of silent chromatin, and Ty5 insertions near the HMR-E silencer account for ≃2% of total transposition events. Most Ty5 insertions occur within 800 bp on either side of the autonomously replicating consensus sequence within HMR-E. Ty5 target preference is determined by silent chromatin, because integration near HMR-E is abolished in strains with silencer mutations that alleviate transcriptional repression. The recognition of specific DNA sequences per se does not direct integration, rather, it is the protein complex assembled at the silencers. As demonstrated here for Ty5, recognition of specific chromatin domains may be a general mechanism by which retrotransposons and retroviruses determine integration sites.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - Jul 8 1997