Many stimuli play a role in influencing the structure and function of chromatin and nuclear matrix through post-translational modifications of the component proteins in these dynamic structures. We propose that the protein serine/threonine kinase CK2 (formerly casein kinase II) is one such agent that is involved in signal transduction in the nuclear matrix and chromatin in response to a variety of stimuli. Protein kinase CK2 appears to undergo rapid modulations in its association with nuclear matrix and nucleosomes in response to mitogenic signals and is involved in the phosphorylation of a variety of intrinsic proteins in these structures depending on the state of genomic activity. In addition, its association or loss from the nuclear matrix may also influence the apoptotic activity in the cell. CK2 has been found to be dysregulated in virtually all the neoplasias examined and nuclear association appears to be an important facet of its expression in tumor cells. We hypothesize that CK2 provides a functional paradigm linking the nuclear matrix and chromatin structures. Identification of precise loci of action of CK2 in these structures and how they influence the morphological appearance of the nucleus under normal and abnormal growth conditions would be an important future direction of investigation. J. Cell. Biochem. Suppl. 35:130-135, 2000. Published 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Number of pages
|Journal of cellular biochemistry. Supplement
|Published - 2000