Signaling by the cytokine receptor superfamily: JAKs and STATs

James N. Ihle, Bruce A. Witthuhn, Frederick W. Quelle, Koh Yamamoto, William E. Thierfelder, Brent Kreider, Olli Silvennoinen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

583 Scopus citations

Abstract

A variety of cytokines, lymphokines and growth factors functionsby interacting with receptors that are members of the cytokine receptor superfamily. These receptors share extracellular motifs and have limited similarity in their cytoplasmic domains. Although lacking catalytic domains, this family of receptors couples ligand binding with the induction of tyrosine phosphorylation. Recent studies have shown that this is mediated by members of the Janus kinase (JAK) family of cytoplasmic protein tyrosine kinases. JAKs physically associate with the membrane-proximal region of the ligand-bound-receptor, leading to their tyrosine phosphorylation and activation. The activated JAKs phosphorylate the receptors as well as cytoplasmic proteins belonging to a family of transcription factors called the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs), providing a novel signaling pathway that is shared by all members of the cytokine receptor superfamily.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-227
Number of pages6
JournalTrends in Biochemical Sciences
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1994

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