Shrub Willow Biomass Production Ranking Across Three Harvests in New York and Minnesota

G. Johnson, T. Volk, K. Hallen, S. Shi, M. Bickell, J. Heavey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Shrub willow has potential for being a viable dedicated bioenergy crop in temperate northern latitudes of the USA. Selection of high-producing willow cultivars is critical for economic viability and long-term sustainability of willow production systems. Long-term trials are needed in different geographic areas to better understand genetic by environment interactions on biomass yield for greater profitability and to enhance future breeding efforts. Field trials were conducted in two contrasting environments, northern New York and southern Minnesota, to explore changes in shrub willow yield ranking over three harvest cycles across a range of cultivars and diversity groups. Overall, the MN site produced higher, more stable biomass yields than the NY site due primarily to more productive soils, warmer climate, and less weed pressure. However, between-site differences in willow biomass yield were nominal after the second harvest cycle. Yield variability among the top five willow cultivars at each harvest was significantly less than variability among all cultivars regardless of site. Shrub willow cultivars identified in the top-ranking groups were different between sites. Results show that willow can be a viable long-term crop for sustained biomass feedstock production across a wide range of soils and climates but proper cultivar selection is critical for biological and economic success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-315
Number of pages11
JournalBioenergy Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding Essential funding to maintain and monitor these plots over the past several years was provided by the North Central Regional Sun Grant Center at South Dakota State University through a grant provided by the US Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office under award number DE-FC36-05GO85041 and the University of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Biomass yield ranking
  • Short rotation woody crop
  • Shrub willow
  • Willow cultivars


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