Shelter During the Storm: A Search for Factors That Protect At-Risk Adolescents From Violence

Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte, Shawn D. Bushway, Nicole M. Schmidt, Matthew D. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Using data from the Rochester Youth Development Study, the authors show that trajectories of past violence predict future violence better than other more traditional measures of risk. The authors then evaluate whether factors that can be manipulated during this time can both promote less violence for all individuals as well as protect against violence among those who are most at risk for more violence. This article finds that several factors protect youth from violent behavior but not from gun or weapon carrying. Implications of these findings for future research on risk and protective factors of youth violence and for strategies for preventing such behavior are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-401
Number of pages23
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article: Support for the Rochester Youth Development Study has been provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CE001295), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (86-JN-CX-0007) and the National Institute of Drug Abuse (DA005512). Work on this project was also aided by grants to the Center for Social and Demographic Analysis at the University at Albany from NICHD (P30-HD32041) and NSF (SBR-9512290).


  • risk and protective factors
  • trajectory analysis
  • youth violence


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