Shear strength of a lightweight self-consolidating concrete bridge girder

Benjamin Z. Dymond, Carin L. Roberts-Wollmann, Thomas E. Cousins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lightweight self-consolidating concrete (LWSCC) is advantageous in the bridge industry because members made with this material have a significantly lower self-weight, and in its fresh state, LWSCC has a low viscosity which eliminates the need for vibration during fabrication. A composite section was fabricated with a single precast bulb-tee LWSCC beam and a lightweight concrete cast-in-place deck. A simply supported test configuration was constructed with two point loads to quantify the web-shear strength of the girder. The experimental shear strength is compared to four analytical models from different AASHTO specifications. Based on the results of this limited study, the theoretical predictions for the web-shear strength of this girder were all conservative when compared to the experimentally measured failure strength. With these results in mind, further research is recommended on the use of LWSCC girders in the bridge industry to better understand the material properties, structural properties, and cost advantages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)615-618
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Bridge Engineering
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Bridges, girder
  • Experimentation
  • Lightweight concrete
  • Precast concrete
  • Prestressed concrete
  • Self-consolidating concrete
  • Shear strength

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