Shear bond strength of stainless steel orthodontic brackets with a moisture-insensitive primer

Ram Kumar Grandhi, Edward Charles Combe, T M Speidel

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73 Scopus citations


The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the shear bond strength of stainless steel orthodontic brackets bonded to dry and wet (with water and saliva) etched enamel with the use of the moisture-insensitive primer (MIP; Transbond; 3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif) and (2) to evaluate the effectiveness of MIP with chemically activated (Concise; 3M Dental Products, St Paul, Minn) and light-activated (Transbond XT; 3M Unitek) resin. One hundred forty-four freshly extracted bovine teeth were divided into 12 groups (n = 12 teeth), and brackets were bonded with either of the 2 resins in combination with the conventional primer or MIP in dry or wet enamel surface conditions. The test specimens were mounted in a screw-driven mechanical testing machine (model 4204; Instron Corp, Canton, Mass) and subjected to a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were analyzed by 2-way analysis of variance. MIP with Concise produced slightly higher bond strengths compared with the conventional primers under wet conditions (MIP vs conventional: saliva, P < .001; water, P = .004). However, MIP in combination with Transbond XT produced comparable bond strengths on both the dry and wet etched enamel (dry, 10.14 MPa; water, 9.69 MPa; saliva, 8.90 MPa). The results of this study suggest that MIP be used only with light-activated composite resins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-255
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2001

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