Shape memory alloys for passive vibration damping

Roger Fosdick, Yohannes Ketema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


We study the use of shape memory alloys for the purpose of passive vibration damping in a one degree of freedom oscillator. We assume that the pseudoelastic behavior of the shape memory material is due to a stress-induced phase transformation which is governed by a kinetic relation. We consider both impulsively initiated unforced motions and periodically forced motions. Hysteresis is present in both cases. For a periodically forced motion, a limit cycle is attained after transients die out and we give an example which shows how the energy dissipated per cycle depends on the forcing frequency. We also introduce an `equivalent viscous clamping coefficient' and show how it depends on the forcing frequency. This provides a measure of the effectiveness of pseudoelasticity as a damping mechanism. The combined effect of viscous and pseudoelastic damping is briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)854-870
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1998


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