Sexual health resources at minnesota colleges: Associations with students' sexual health behaviors

Marla E. Eisenberg, Peter J. Hannan, Katherine A. Lust, Kate E. Lechner, Carolyn Garcia, Ellen A. Frerich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Sexual risk behaviors are common among college students, and research examining the environmental context of these behaviors is important for prevention. The presence of college sexual health resources is a potentially important part of that context. Methods: In a 2010-2011 survey, 6,318 undergraduates from 28 two- and four-year Minnesota college campuses provided data on their sexual health behaviors. In addition, a specially designed inventory was used to assess the sexual health resources available on each campus. Multilevel regression was used to test the associations of four types of resources with students' condom use, birth control use, STD or HIV testing, and unplanned pregnancy. Results: In models that controlled for students' personal and demographic characteristics, the higher the level of sexual health resources at a college, the lower the likelihood that students had had intercourse without birth control, intercourse without a condom and involvement in unplanned pregnancy. For example, students attending colleges with the maximum number of general clinic resources had a lower predicted probability of reporting nonuse of reliable birth control at last intercourse than students attending colleges with no resources (7% vs. 14%). After college characteristics were adjusted for, most measures of resources remained significant, although associations were reduced; two measures became significant in unexpected directions. Conclusions: Colleges' provision of sexual health resources may be associated with students' sexual health behaviors. Research using quasi-experimental or experimental designs is needed to assess the mechanisms underlying these associations; such work could lead to interventions that might help reduce students' risky behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-138
Number of pages7
JournalPerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Fingerprint

Health Resources
Reproductive Health
Health Behavior
health behavior
Sexual Behavior
Students
health
resources
student
Contraception
Unplanned Pregnancy
family planning
Condoms
pregnancy
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Risk-Taking
Research
risk behavior
Health Status
Research Design

Cite this

Sexual health resources at minnesota colleges : Associations with students' sexual health behaviors. / Eisenberg, Marla E.; Hannan, Peter J.; Lust, Katherine A.; Lechner, Kate E.; Garcia, Carolyn; Frerich, Ellen A.

In: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, Vol. 45, No. 3, 01.09.2013, p. 132-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eisenberg, Marla E. ; Hannan, Peter J. ; Lust, Katherine A. ; Lechner, Kate E. ; Garcia, Carolyn ; Frerich, Ellen A. / Sexual health resources at minnesota colleges : Associations with students' sexual health behaviors. In: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 2013 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 132-138.
@article{84d4445c0c5b40ae9ef4e4646d7ad198,
title = "Sexual health resources at minnesota colleges: Associations with students' sexual health behaviors",
abstract = "Context: Sexual risk behaviors are common among college students, and research examining the environmental context of these behaviors is important for prevention. The presence of college sexual health resources is a potentially important part of that context. Methods: In a 2010-2011 survey, 6,318 undergraduates from 28 two- and four-year Minnesota college campuses provided data on their sexual health behaviors. In addition, a specially designed inventory was used to assess the sexual health resources available on each campus. Multilevel regression was used to test the associations of four types of resources with students' condom use, birth control use, STD or HIV testing, and unplanned pregnancy. Results: In models that controlled for students' personal and demographic characteristics, the higher the level of sexual health resources at a college, the lower the likelihood that students had had intercourse without birth control, intercourse without a condom and involvement in unplanned pregnancy. For example, students attending colleges with the maximum number of general clinic resources had a lower predicted probability of reporting nonuse of reliable birth control at last intercourse than students attending colleges with no resources (7{\%} vs. 14{\%}). After college characteristics were adjusted for, most measures of resources remained significant, although associations were reduced; two measures became significant in unexpected directions. Conclusions: Colleges' provision of sexual health resources may be associated with students' sexual health behaviors. Research using quasi-experimental or experimental designs is needed to assess the mechanisms underlying these associations; such work could lead to interventions that might help reduce students' risky behaviors.",
author = "Eisenberg, {Marla E.} and Hannan, {Peter J.} and Lust, {Katherine A.} and Lechner, {Kate E.} and Carolyn Garcia and Frerich, {Ellen A.}",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1363/4513213",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "132--138",
journal = "Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health",
issn = "1538-6341",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sexual health resources at minnesota colleges

T2 - Associations with students' sexual health behaviors

AU - Eisenberg, Marla E.

AU - Hannan, Peter J.

AU - Lust, Katherine A.

AU - Lechner, Kate E.

AU - Garcia, Carolyn

AU - Frerich, Ellen A.

PY - 2013/9/1

Y1 - 2013/9/1

N2 - Context: Sexual risk behaviors are common among college students, and research examining the environmental context of these behaviors is important for prevention. The presence of college sexual health resources is a potentially important part of that context. Methods: In a 2010-2011 survey, 6,318 undergraduates from 28 two- and four-year Minnesota college campuses provided data on their sexual health behaviors. In addition, a specially designed inventory was used to assess the sexual health resources available on each campus. Multilevel regression was used to test the associations of four types of resources with students' condom use, birth control use, STD or HIV testing, and unplanned pregnancy. Results: In models that controlled for students' personal and demographic characteristics, the higher the level of sexual health resources at a college, the lower the likelihood that students had had intercourse without birth control, intercourse without a condom and involvement in unplanned pregnancy. For example, students attending colleges with the maximum number of general clinic resources had a lower predicted probability of reporting nonuse of reliable birth control at last intercourse than students attending colleges with no resources (7% vs. 14%). After college characteristics were adjusted for, most measures of resources remained significant, although associations were reduced; two measures became significant in unexpected directions. Conclusions: Colleges' provision of sexual health resources may be associated with students' sexual health behaviors. Research using quasi-experimental or experimental designs is needed to assess the mechanisms underlying these associations; such work could lead to interventions that might help reduce students' risky behaviors.

AB - Context: Sexual risk behaviors are common among college students, and research examining the environmental context of these behaviors is important for prevention. The presence of college sexual health resources is a potentially important part of that context. Methods: In a 2010-2011 survey, 6,318 undergraduates from 28 two- and four-year Minnesota college campuses provided data on their sexual health behaviors. In addition, a specially designed inventory was used to assess the sexual health resources available on each campus. Multilevel regression was used to test the associations of four types of resources with students' condom use, birth control use, STD or HIV testing, and unplanned pregnancy. Results: In models that controlled for students' personal and demographic characteristics, the higher the level of sexual health resources at a college, the lower the likelihood that students had had intercourse without birth control, intercourse without a condom and involvement in unplanned pregnancy. For example, students attending colleges with the maximum number of general clinic resources had a lower predicted probability of reporting nonuse of reliable birth control at last intercourse than students attending colleges with no resources (7% vs. 14%). After college characteristics were adjusted for, most measures of resources remained significant, although associations were reduced; two measures became significant in unexpected directions. Conclusions: Colleges' provision of sexual health resources may be associated with students' sexual health behaviors. Research using quasi-experimental or experimental designs is needed to assess the mechanisms underlying these associations; such work could lead to interventions that might help reduce students' risky behaviors.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84883753815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84883753815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1363/4513213

DO - 10.1363/4513213

M3 - Article

C2 - 24020774

AN - SCOPUS:84883753815

VL - 45

SP - 132

EP - 138

JO - Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

JF - Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

SN - 1538-6341

IS - 3

ER -