Severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms after smoking cessation

Zahra Hesami, Anahita Alvanpour, Babak Sharif Kashani, Saeed Fallah Tafti, Gholam Reza Heydari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Smoking is among the most common preventable causes of early death in the world. Implementation of smoking cessation programs is among the effective strategies of tobacco control. More than half the smokers experience nicotine withdrawal syndrome after quitting and this could be one of the main reasons of unsuccessful smoking cessation. This study evaluated the severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms 14 days after quitting (the last visit of smokers to the smoking cessation clinic).Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted on volunteers for smoking cessation from Nov. 2006 to Nov. 2007. During a one month course, volunteers attended 4 sessions of treatment and training (1 session per week). Since the 2nd session, they stopped smoking with the aid of nicotine gum and behavioral therapy under the supervision of a physician. Fourteen days after quitting (4th session), the severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms was evaluated using the Minnesota test and was compared between males and females using the Chi square test. Results: A total of 197 participants were studied, 65% of which were males, 76.6% were married, 49.2% successfully quit smoking during the study period, 12.2% cut down smoking, and 38.6% did not finish the course. The mean score for increase in appetite, irritability and depression was 4.6±3.4, 4.3±3.4 and 3.6±3.3, respectively. The mean score for severity of depression was 4.5±3.4 in women and 3.19±3.2 in men (p=0.03). The mean score for severity of anxiety was 4.6±3.6 in women and 2.6±2.9 in men (p=0.004). Also, the mean score for severity of irritability was 5.7±3.3 and 3.6±3.3 in women and men, respectively (p=0.002).Conclusion: The severity of symptoms related to nicotine withdrawal syndrome was considerably low 14 days following abstinence. However, the severity of nicotine craving was significantly higher compared to other symptoms. Severity of more than half the symptoms was significantly higher in women but further investigations are required in this regard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalTanaffos
Volume9
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 9 2010

Fingerprint

Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Smoking Cessation
Nicotine
Smoking
Volunteers
Depression
Appetite
Chi-Square Distribution
Tobacco
Cause of Death
Anxiety
Cross-Sectional Studies
Physicians
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Cigarette
  • Nicotine withdrawal syndrome
  • Smoking cessation

Cite this

Hesami, Z., Alvanpour, A., Kashani, B. S., Tafti, S. F., & Heydari, G. R. (2010). Severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms after smoking cessation. Tanaffos, 9(1), 42-47.

Severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms after smoking cessation. / Hesami, Zahra; Alvanpour, Anahita; Kashani, Babak Sharif; Tafti, Saeed Fallah; Heydari, Gholam Reza.

In: Tanaffos, Vol. 9, No. 1, 09.08.2010, p. 42-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hesami, Z, Alvanpour, A, Kashani, BS, Tafti, SF & Heydari, GR 2010, 'Severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms after smoking cessation', Tanaffos, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 42-47.
Hesami Z, Alvanpour A, Kashani BS, Tafti SF, Heydari GR. Severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms after smoking cessation. Tanaffos. 2010 Aug 9;9(1):42-47.
Hesami, Zahra ; Alvanpour, Anahita ; Kashani, Babak Sharif ; Tafti, Saeed Fallah ; Heydari, Gholam Reza. / Severity of nicotine withdrawal symptoms after smoking cessation. In: Tanaffos. 2010 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 42-47.
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