Setting Clear Learning Targets to Guide Instruction for All Students

Moira Konrad, Susan Keesey, Virginia A. Ressa, Maggie Alexeeff, Paula E. Chan, Mary T. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


As more states adopt the Common Core State Standards, teachers face new challenges. Teachers must unpack these standards and develop explicit learning targets to make these rigorous standards accessible to their students. This task can be especially challenging for special educators who must balance standards-based education with individualized instruction. This paper describes the value of clarifying learning targets, defines different types of targets, and provides strategies and resources to assist practitioners in unpacking standards to develop learning targets. In addition, the authors suggest how the standards can be used to drive individualized education program planning to maximize learning for students with disabilities and increase the likelihood of student success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-85
Number of pages10
JournalIntervention in School and Clinic
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 8 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Hammill Institute on Disabilities 2014.


  • Common Core State Standards
  • IEP goals
  • learning targets
  • objectives
  • planning


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