Service to others in sobriety (SOS)

Maria E. Pagano, Amy R. Krentzman, Casey C. Onder, Justina L. Baryak, Jennifer L. Murphy, William H. Zywiak, Robert L. Stout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Alcoholics Anonymous participation has been measured in addiction research, but few validated tools distinguish components of this multidimensional construct. This study provides psychometric findings for the scale Service to Others in Sobriety, a brief assessment of AA-related helping. Data are derived from a sample of treatment-seeking alcoholics, and Service to Others in Sobriety validity and response stability is reported by using a test-retest sample. Findings demonstrated adequate psychometric properties of the Service to Others in Sobriety, including convergent validity, internal consistency (alpha = 0.92) and test-rest reliability (r = 0.94). The Service to Others in Sobriety is a valid measure of AA-related helping activities pertinent to the daily lives of recovering alcoholics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-127
Number of pages17
JournalAlcoholism Treatment Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by federal grants K01 AA015137 to Dr. Pagano and R01 AA009907 to Dr. Stout from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). The authors would like to thank Amy Lagasse, Joy LaGrutta, Connie Lawson, and Rebecca Ionescu for their assistance with this research.


  • 12-step programs
  • AA-related helping
  • Service
  • Substance use disorders


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