Seromonitoring of brucellosis in goats and sheep slaughtered at an abattoir in Kampala, Uganda

Steven Kakooza, James Watuwa, Patrick A. Ipola, Damien F.N. Munyiirwa, Edrine Kayaga, Esther Nabatta, Michael Mahero, Paul Ssajjakambwe, John B. Kaneene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We conducted a cross-sectional serologic study at Kampala City abattoir in Uganda on 287 small ruminants (221 goats and 66 sheep) to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis. The samples were tested using a modified rose bengal test (mRBT) and an indirect ELISA (iELISA). Small ruminant Brucella spp. seropositivity was 18 of 287 (6.3%) by mRBT and 19 of 287 (6.6%) by iELISA. The prevalence of brucellosis by mRBT was non-significantly higher in goats (17 of 221; 7.7%) than in sheep (1 of 66, 1.5%; p = 0.069), and also non-significantly higher by the iELISA in goats (18 of 221; 8.1%) than in sheep (1 of 66, 1.5%; p = 0.057). Brucellosis in slaughtered goats and sheep is a public health hazard to abattoir workers and consumers that calls for control and eradication measures at the farm level, given that testing is not carried out routinely at slaughter points.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)964-967
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding was provided by internal funds from whichever affiliated organization provided the funds.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Brucella
  • Uganda
  • food-borne hazards
  • public health
  • small ruminants

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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