Background. The immediate-early gene c-fos has been implicated in transcriptional regulation after sepsis. We test the hypothesis that sepsis- induced central nervous system release of interleukin (IL)-6 regulates hepatic c-fos gene expression. Methods. Using a stereotaxically placed intracerebral-ventricular (ICV) catheter in rats with and without hypophysectomy, we measured hepatic c-fos protein accumulation after treatment with either IL-6 or vehicle control. Using a rat cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model, we studied the following groups: (1) sham-CLP, (2), (3) hypophysectomized sham-CLP, and (4) hypophysectomized CLP and measured hepatic c-fos mRNA. Results. ICV IL-6 treatment increased hepatic c-fos protein in the IL-6-treated group compared with the vehicle-treated group, and hypophysectomy inhibited the ICV IL-6-mediated increase in c-fos protein. After peritoneal sepsis, CLP increased hepatic c-fos messenger RNA compared to either the sham-CLP or the hypophysectomized sham-CLP group, and hypophysectomy before CLP inhibited hepatic c-fos mRNA compared with the CLP group. Conclusions. ICV IL-6 results in an increase in hepatic fos protein that is mediated through a hypothalamic-hypophyseal mechanism. Peritoneal sepsis results in an increase in hepatic c-fos gene expression that may be, in part, mediated by central nervous system release of IL-6 through a hypothalamic-hypophyseal mechanism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|