Separate and combined effects of methylphenidate and a behavioral intervention on disruptive behavior in children with mental retardation

Nathan J. Blum, Joyce E. Mauk, Jennifer J. Mccomas, F. Charles Mace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the separate and combined effects of a behavioral intervention and methylphenidate (Ritalin®) on disruptive behavior and task engagement in 3 children with severe to profound mental retardation. The behavioral intervention involved differential reinforcement of appropriate behavior and guided compliance. All 3 children demonstrated decreased disruptive behavior and improved task engagement in response to the behavioral intervention. Two of the 3 children demonstrated similar improvement in response to methylphenidate. Although both interventions were highly effective for these 2 participants, the relative efficacy of the interventions varied between the 2 children. There was no evidence of an additive or synergistic effect of the two interventions, but the high efficacy of each intervention alone limited our ability to detect such effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-319
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Children with mental retardation
  • Differential reinforcement
  • Disruptive behavior
  • Drug effects
  • Guided compliance
  • Methylphenidate

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Separate and combined effects of methylphenidate and a behavioral intervention on disruptive behavior in children with mental retardation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this