SEM studies on vessels in ferns. 17. Psilotaceae

E. L. Schneider, S. Carlquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Perforation plates are reported in aerial and subaerial axes of Psilotum nudum and in aerial axes of Tmesipteris obliqua. In Psilotum, both perforations lacking pit membranes and perforations with pit membrane remnants were observed. Perforation plates in Psilotum may consist wholly of one type or the other. In Tmespteris, perforations have threadlike pit membranes or consist of porose pit membranes. Wide perforations alternating with narrow pits, a conformation observed in various ferns, were observed in Psilotum (subaerial axes). In Psilotum, perforations are more common in metaxylem than in protoxylem; perforations in protoxylem consist of primary wall areas containing small circular porosities or relatively large circular to oval perforations. There are no modifications in the secondary wall framework of protoxylem or metaxylem in Psilotum or Tmesipteris that would permit one to distinguish presence of perforations or perforation plates with light microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is required for demonstration of porose walls or perforations. The tracheary elements of the Psilotaceae studied have no features not also observed in other ferns with SEM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of botany
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Perforation plates
  • Pit membranes
  • Psilotaceae
  • Psilotum
  • Tmesipteris
  • Tracheary elements
  • Vessel elements
  • Xylem


Dive into the research topics of 'SEM studies on vessels in ferns. 17. Psilotaceae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this