SEM studies on vessels in ferns. 11. Ophioglossum

Edward L. Schneider, Sherwin Carlquist

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9 Scopus citations


With scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the nature of metaxylem vessel elements and tracheids was examined in Ophioglossum crotalophoroides, O. pendulum subsp. falcatum, and O. vulgatum roots and rhizomes. Vessels were identified in all species. End walls of vessel elements, which bear perforations, are like lateral wall pitting of those elements in the secondary wall framework and differ only in absence of pit membranes or presence of pit membrane remnants. Some of the perforations contain pit membrane remnants that have large pores, small porosities, or are threadlike or weblike in structure. Dimorphic perforations were found in some vessel elements of rhizomes of O. pendulum subsp. falcatum. Tracheids are very likely present in addition to vessels in all three species. The secondary wall framework of both tracheids and vessels is basically scalariform, although deviations in pattern are present. Vessel elements of Ophiglossum are entirely comparable to those of leptosporangiate ferns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1999


  • Cusporangiate ferns
  • Ophioglossaccac
  • Primary xylem
  • Tracheary elements


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