Self‐Assembly for Creating Vertically‐Aligned Graphene Micro Helices with Monolayer Graphene as Chiral Metamaterials

Zihao Lin, Carol Mikhael, Chunhui Dai, Jeong‐hyun Cho

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Abstract

Graphene's emergence enables creating chiral metamaterials in helical shapes for terahertz (THz) applications, overcoming material limitations. However, practical implementation remains theoretical due to fabrication challenges. This paper introduces a dual-component self-assembly technique that enables creating vertically-aligned continuous monolayer graphene helices at microscale with great flexibility and high controllability. This assembly process not only facilitates the creation of 3D microstructures, but also positions the 3D structures from a horizontal to a vertical orientation, achieving an aspect ratio (height/width) of ≈2700. As a result, an array of vertically-aligned graphene helices is formed, reaching up to 4 mm in height, which is equivalent to 4 million times the height of monolayer graphene. The benefit of these 3D chiral structures made from graphene is their capability to infinitely extend in height, interacting with light in ways that are not possible with traditional 2D layering methods. Such an impressive height elevates a level of interaction with light that far surpasses what is achievable with traditional 2D layering methods, resulting in a notable enhancement of optical chirality properties. This approach is applicable to various 2D materials, promising advancements in innovative research and diverse applications across fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2401451
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume36
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2024

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© 2024 The Authors. Advanced Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

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