MMPI-2 RF profiles of 128 U.S. soldiers and veterans with history of concussion were examined. Participants evaluated in forensic (n = 42) and clinical (n = 43) settings showed significantly higher validity and clinical elevations relative to a research group (n = 43). In the full sample, a multivariate GLM identified main effects for disability claim status and Axis I diagnosis across numerous MMPI-2 RF scales. Participants with co-morbid PTSD and concussion showed significant Restructured Clinical and Specific Problem scale elevations relative to those without Axis I diagnosis. Participants with PTSD and active disability claims were especially prone to elevate on FBS/FBS-r and RBS. Implications for neuropsychologists who routinely administer the MMPI-2/RF in the context of combat-related concussion are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported in part by Grants funded by the Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (number PT074550, contract W81XWH-08-2-0038) to Scott R. Sponheim Ph.D. and the Minnesota Veterans Research Institute (MVRI) to Nathaniel W. Nelson, Ph.D.
- Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom
- Symptom validity