Objective: Intraoral, primary, CD30-positive (CD30+) T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (TLPDs) are uncommon, and their clinicopathologic presentation and management can vary and may be challenging. Herein, we present a retrospective study of 4 examples of self-regressing primary CD30+ TLPD affecting the gingiva. Study Design: Archived files were retrospectively reviewed for oral CD30+ TLPDs featuring (1) proper immunohistochemical documentation, (2) Epstein-Barr virus negativity, (3) adequate follow-up information corroborating regression, and (4) no history of hematopoietic malignancy or related-mucocutaneous disease. Results: Three women and 1 man (age range, 55-82 years; mean, 68.3 years) presented with rapidly growing gingival ulcers. Microscopic evaluation revealed diffuse infiltration by sheets of large, atypical cells admixed with lymphocytes and eosinophils, showing angiocentric distribution, focal neurotropism, and muscle infiltration. The lesional cells consistently stained for CD3 and CD30 and were variably immunoreactive against CD2, CD4, CD5, CD7, and CD8, but were negative for ALK1 and EBV-encoded small RNA. TCR-γ gene rearrangement studies revealed a monoclonal T-cell population in 1 case. All lesions showed complete regression 2 to 8 weeks postoperatively (mean follow-up, 4.5 weeks). Conclusions: Notwithstanding their alarming clinicopathologic appearance, there are CD30+ TLPDs confined to the oral cavity that have an indolent course. However, clinical staging is essential to exclude aggressive systemic malignancy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology|
|Early online date||Jun 7 2021|
|State||E-pub ahead of print - Jun 7 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are indebted to Brian Dunnette (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN) for his assistance with the Aperio Scanning Platform.
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.