Self-reference effect and the group-reference effect in the recall of shared and unshared information in nominal groups and interacting groups

Dennis D. Stewart, Cheryl Stewart, Jason Walden

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We investigated how variables that have been studied at the individual level may apply at the group level. Specifically, we examined how the self-reference effect (SRE) and the group-reference effect (GRE) impacted total information recall by examining the difference between interacting groups and nominal groups. Additionally, we also examined how the SRE and GRE might impact upon the recall of shared and unshared information by comparing nominal and interacting groups. Results were supportive for the SRE affecting the total recall of information as well as the recall of shared and unshared information. However, the impact of the GRE on group recall was mixed. Theoretical and applied implications are considered.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)323-339
    Number of pages17
    JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
    Volume10
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2007

    Keywords

    • Group memory
    • Group-reference effect
    • Self-reference effect

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